We present an alumnus and woman warrior, Malinda Vogel, on today’s Throwback Thursday ‘Meet the Alumni’ series.
“I was assigned to CARP by True Father, or Rev. Dr. Sun Myung Moon, when he visited Oakland, California in the spring of 1979. I have heard that he would say that the spring is a good time to change your mission and it was a big change. The Oakland church was large, crowded, and nourishing. It was like a big family with huge turnouts for weekend workshops and lots of love-bombing, hugs, good food and counseling.
CARP was very different then. I was assigned to a small center in LA in a ranch style house. We went to the campus each day and set up a table and had discussions with anyone who came by. I was young, shy, soft-spoken, and found it hard to express my beliefs. Boy, did that change.
I worked with my first Japanese brother and sister and was schooled on how to respond when spoken to, was taught by trial and error on how to talk with Christian students, with leftist students, with agnostics, with Muslim students.
I went to smaller workshops and heard the Divine Principle and was taught different ways to express my opinions, to stand up for myself, to be myself. The workshops weren’t nearly as big as Oakland’s two-day workshops, but were still very exciting and interesting.
During my time in CARP, I was able to work at different California campuses – CAL Northridge, Berkeley, San Diego. It was the same situation with a book table, sometimes a white board for giving a lecture, but different students dropping by. I was able to take classes, ask questions, make friends out of enemies. I had the chance to work with Tiger Park, Hyo Jin Nim, and Dr. Seuk.
Dr. Seuk, Lowell Ellanson and Malinda Vogel in S. Korea
Protesting On Campuses
I was at a book table and the same young man came by each day to give me a hard time. I just listened and would get a word or two in before he got impatient and left. Eventually he ran out of steam and vitriol and would listen to me more.
We became friends.
About that time, El Salvador became a huge issue and we were staging a counterprotest to Communism and the Sandinistas. We got there early, front and center. Just as things started heating up we jumped up, unfurled our sign to a sudden hush and then a large outcry! We were surrounded by livid protesters with no way out.
My friend (who used to give me a hard time) suddenly recognized me.
Malinda, what are you doing here? He rightly asked. I could only smile sheepishly. He and some of his friends linked arms and kept us from bodily harm until the park police came and escorted us out of the fray.
Rock of Tears, S. Korea CARP delegation to World CARP, Nov. 1984
I also remember doing a protest at UC Berkeley with Janne Sawada’s parents, the Reids, who had come all the way from New Zealand to visit. They insisted on standing arm and arm with us on the steps and getting spat on right alongside us. I got my first death threat there, but the fierce love and solidarity from her parents carried me through.
How precious to be understood and supported in the midst of a protest like that.
Moving Through Stages in CARP
I was able to move from membership to assistant leader or mother figure as they were called at that time. Christine Froehlich, Janne Sawada, Jacinta Krefft, Carole Durnan Silva, Pat Detlefson were and still are my mother figures, sisters, mentors and friends.
1987 USA CARP, California Summer Witnessing Campaign
In 1982, I was able to be blessed to my recently ascended husband, Steven Vogel, and then joined him in New York to start our family. We have been blessed with a son, Nicholas, who is my company, support and source of pride.
Nicholas was born while I was an IW, or counselor for CARP MFT, and then editor for the World Student Times, and then Frontline, CARP’s magazine at the time. This was one of my favorite missions. I learned editing, graphic arts, layout and loved it.
We lived in the New Yorker Hotel and I got to be part of the Headquarters staff working directly with Dr. Seuk. What a long way for a timid girl from Minnesota.
Just after Nicholas was born, the Russian Providence began. I was unable to travel there and participate, but when Steve moved us back to his hometown, Nicholas and I flew to San Francisco for a last hurrah – 40 days of witnessing with Russian students for me and 40 days in a CARP daycare for him.
We cried in our separate beds many nights, but found God in many ways during our 40 days. Nicholas began to walk and I began to find my strength separate from him and my husband.
After we moved to my husband’s hometown, I continued to stay in touch with my CARP sisters, friends, leaders and mentors.
Unforgettable Lessons from CARP
Since moving to Louisville, I have found myself less nervous to stand up in front of groups of people. I led my son’s Sunday School class where I was the “fun” teacher because shouldn’t those students be allowed to speak up, too?
Nicholas and Malinda, 2017
For someone who would get panic attacks at being asked to stand up and speak to a room of people, I faced crowds of screaming students at different campuses, read Father’s words at several WFWP events in Kentucky, and even at a community meeting in Seoul, Korea.
I was also able to lead Head Start parent meetings and to teach in a Head Start classroom and take turns at giving Sunday Service. I was able to use my skills at work, in the community and in my own church.
My CARP training gave me the courage and patience to sit through my husband’s chemo, radiation, surgery and therapy drawing on years of faith, the love and example of our True Parents and an irresistible sense of duty. God, Steve and Nicholas needed me – weak or strong, ready or not, I was it.
My training in CARP has been an amazing way to find myself, to find my strength, to test my faith and my leadership skills, to overcome my fear of public speaking, to shore me up through my husband’s battle with cancer, ascension and this path of grief.
What a blessing from our True Parents to find ourselves useful, growing in faith and strength, falling but getting up again and again. There is a dual benefit of self-growth and that of helping the world at large. I thank God and True Parents and all of you for continuing the tradition, mission and community of CARP.”
I first came to work with CARP after graduating UTS in 1980. At that time, Tiger Park was the leader of CARP and this was an exciting time.
You could say CARP was a very masculine organization. We were trained to be tough, to stand up to rowdy leftist student demonstrators, to march in rallies and to debate over the issues of Communism and the Cold War.
In 1982, however, CARP culture shifted to a more nurturing family atmosphere, which was crucial for our witnessing and outreach activities.
The Joy of Pioneering
That year, 1982, (right after the 2075 Blessing) I was asked to pioneer a CARP chapter at University of Alabama, Birmingham.
The assignment was to become a student, do “Campus Home Church,” establish a CARP chapter on campus, engage speakers and create campus events, connect with professors, impact the culture of campus, and witness to new members, while maintaining self-support through fundraising.
Christine preparing to speak to members in the 1980s.
I remember after finding a small house to rent, I had a showdown prayer under a few trees on campus – three nights for 40 minutes – asking God, “Why did you send me here?!”
I was not particularly inspired yet to be in the south. I was feeling very small, in a place that seemed insignificant and far away from the excitement in Atlanta, or New York for that matter.
On the third night, I had a profound experience of the voice of God speaking within my heart, “You are my hope! My only hope for this campus!” This was quite a surprise. I threw up my hands to God and said, “OK I am ready for whatever you have prepared for me to do here!” The next morning, I received a phone call from a professor.
“Is this Christine Moore?”
“…Yes, how do you know me?”
“I heard you are the moonie on campus, and I’d like to ask if you could speak to my class.”
Remembering my prayer from the night before I said, “Yes, I guess I could…and when would you like me to speak?”
He answered, “Today! To my journalism class.”
Remember these were the days when journalists were not friendly at all to our movement! But I could not refuse. I went there that afternoon, and responded to a torrent of questions, the most exciting of which were about the mass weddings so I told the story of our Matching and Blessing.
By the time I finished the interview, the students were actually asking for my phone number, and showing sincere interest in CARP, when the professor interrupted and I was summarily dismissed.
Later that semester, I made friends with the school newspaper editor who invited me to do a full interview on the front page of the school paper. This was my first taste of the joy of pioneering.
Christine teaching new members on Twin Peaks in California, her next destination.
Relationships in Unlikely Places
One of my best experiences was at Stanford University. In 1984, after I requested to go to the place where there would be the most witnessing, Dr. Seuk (who became the President of CARP) sent me to N. California to establish CARP on campus as a graduate student.
I was honored to be given this opportunity to pioneer in such a stimulating environment.
During my year at Stanford, I took two classes in Moral Education with a professor called Nel Noddings. Dr. Noddings taught “A Feminine Approach to Moral Education,” and I will never forget when I went to her office to introduce myself before writing a term paper.
“Hello, have you ever heard of the Unification Church?”
“Well, as a matter of fact, I have…”
“Have you ever heard anything good about the Unification Church or Rev. Moon?”
“Well actually I have not.”
“I would like to write a paper comparing your work with the teachings of Rev. Moon, but I wanted to confirm with you first what you think about that idea.”
She answered that she would be happy to read what I had to say. And I wrote “Towards a New Ideal for Moral Education” comparing her “feminine ethic of caring” with Unification Thought’s Theory of Education.
We had a wonderful dialogue through class discussions and my papers over the months ahead, and at the end of the semester she asked students to recommend books for a future reading list. I recommended Dr. Young Oon Kim’s Unification Theology, which Dr. Noddings had read.
One student said, “Isn’t that the cult? The Moonies?”
And Nel answered, “Yes, I have come to see the Unification Church in a new light this semester, and I would like you to be aware that truth comes to us in surprising places. I will add this book to the reading list.”
Christine (center) with Carol Durnan and Jacinta Krefft.
A Mother’s Heart in Witnessing
I learned a lot from Dr. Noddings, who is a mother of 10, about the feminine qualities so essential in nurturing a heart of compassion, caring and moral values in the family and in our schools.
The following year, I worked with a team of 5-6 women who became the heart and soul of the witnessing and outreach work of CARP in the Bay Area. I deeply appreciated Dr. Seuk’s respect for women and trust in giving us important leadership roles.
Christine and Jacinta (from earlier photo) – ‘moms’ for N. California witnessing 1980s.
I learned that when women can unite with each other, embodying the harmonizing heart of a mother, everything goes well.
As Dr. Noddings had taught in our classes at Stanford, women carry the culture of the family. The heart of a mother brings new life, literally, emotionally, and spiritually.
The family culture of CARP Centers in N. California was bursting with life in the 1980’s and early 90’s in large part due to the patient nurturing education and counsel of “mother figures” and “IW’s.” This helped form a healthy balance between feminine and masculine qualities diligently practiced by our CARP members and leaders.
An overflow crowd of young CARP members surround Dr. Seuk at Ashby Avenue, Berkeley.
CARP as a Foundation for Other Roles
Based on transformative experiences of overcoming conflict, and becoming best friends with women I didn’t get along with at first, gave me great strength and confidence to work with WFWP from April 1992.
WFWP of California initiated the Interracial Sisterhood Project in 1996, which was recognized as a “Promising Practice” by President Clinton’s Commission on Race, and in the early 2000’s created a Youth Forum on Racial Harmony, held on college campuses and high schools.
To this day, my experiences with CARP have given me strength and faith to pioneer new initiatives, and commit fully to constant growth and education. The spirit of CARP is to apply our faith in Divine Principle to real issues in our culture and society.
Christine leading a team of new members.
I have been working with GPA for the past 15 years to continue this education of young Unificationists in life of faith and in application of Divine Principle. I am excited to work on addressing the issues of our times, whether educating ourselves to transcend the “culture wars” of today or creating constructive dialogues on moral and character education.
I am committed to empowering young Unificationists, men and women, to shape the environment, and create the culture of heart with a healthy balance of masculine and feminine leadership.
An interview with CARP alumnus and composer, David Eaton.
David Eaton has been the music director of the New York City Symphony since 1985. During his tenure he has led the orchestra in concerts at Lincoln Center, Carnegie Hall, the Manhattan Center, The Apollo Theater, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the United Nations. As a guest conductor and composer, he has performed his own compositions and arrangements with orchestras in the United States, Europe, Asia, Canada, Israel, Russia, Ukraine, and Central and South America. David recently accepted a position as Music Chairman of the Hyojeong Cultural Committee.
Through music I experienced truth, beauty, and goodness; I intuited that music was a way that God could speak to our hearts and I firmly believed that being a musician was (or could be) a way both to find tranquility and to influence the world in an altruistic fashion.
DESCRIBE YOUR JOURNEY TO CARP AND YOUR ACTIVITIES WITHIN CARP.
I joined CARP in 1979 when Father Moon directed that certain members of the Performing Arts Department work alongside women who had participated in the 1800 Couple’s Holy Marriage Blessing on campus to educate students about the dangers of Communist expansion.
This was a time when President Carter was seen as being weak on the issue of Soviet hegemony, so Father Moon felt that is was an important condition to mobilize Unification Church members to participate in CARP. I was one of about 40 performing arts Unification Church members that were selected to join CARP as part of this initiative that took place from 1979 through 1981.
CARP concert at California State University, Northridge, 1980.
Under then CARP president Tiger Park’s direction, we formed three bands to travel to campuses for a week or two at a time. The bands, Prime Force, Blue Tuna, and The Front Group, would perform on campus with the focus of witnessing and rallying. We also did a great deal of fundraising to support our activities.
During the summer months, we participated in 40 days of outreach at local CARP centers around the country. We launched these conditions with “Youth and Truth” workshops in Boulder, Colorado, under Tiger Park’s guidance.
WHAT WAS CARP LIKE BACK THEN?
Because Tiger Park was living in the Los Angeles area, there was quite a bit of CARP activity on campuses in California. There were CARP centers in Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, and San Francisco.
Usually there were several students living in the CARP centers so when we arrived with our performing groups there was a great deal of excitement generated. Sometimes it was difficult to balance rehearsing, witnessing, rallying, and fundraising, but somehow we found a way to get everything done.
Evening evangelical program performance at the Columbia CARP center in New York, 1980.
In addition to our vans, we also had a large, modern bus in which we traveled across the United States as part of several concert/ witnessing tours. We would witness during the day to bring contacts to evening programs that would feature performances by our bands.
We would also participate in anti-Communist rallies on campuses from coast to coast. When there was a major church holiday, Father Moon would have our band come to New York to perform; we crisscrossed the country several times, often fundraising along the way.
WHAT WERE THE BIG ISSUES ON CAMPUS BACK THEN?
In the 1970s, there were many young people who were greatly affected by the “sexual revolution” and the so-called dawning of “The Age of Aquarius.” As a result there was a sense of idealism among “seekers” who set out to find peace and love. Music acted as the soundtrack for that era and for my generation – the so-called baby-boomers.
Our love of music became a quasi-religion. “Make love, not war” was our credo; sex and drugs were our sacraments, and Rock and Roll was the music that accompanied the liturgy.
The spirit of rebellion and defiance was everywhere, especially in music. The “Free Love” generation and its music literally rocked the suburban comforts of post-World War II America; a deconstructionist mindset engulfed the period, challenging traditional views of family, society, authority, sexuality, art, politics, entertainment, and religion. Campuses were seen to be particularly vulnerable to this new ideology.
The big issue that Father Moon was concerned about was Communist expansion in Central and South America. The late 1970s and early 1980s was a period when there was heightened Communist activity in Nicaragua and El Salvador.
David Eaton demonstrating against communism at Georgia State University in Atlanta, 1980.
There were many Communist activists on campuses and with college faculty members becoming increasingly entrenched in left-wing ideologies, there was a great deal of sympathy for Communist expansion in the Western hemisphere. Father Moon correctly understood that the dissolution of traditional values presented a problem for society.
When we held anti-Communist rallies, the atmosphere could be highly charged, and it wasn’t uncommon to have eggs thrown at us while we were performing. I still have egg on one of my musical instrument cases from a rally in Madison, Wisconsin.
Of course, our movement was also viewed as being highly controversial, and though we were frequently accused for being “interlopers,” we felt that we were doing a service to our country by alerting students to the threat of Soviet expansion. Since this was a major concern for Father Moon, we felt dedicated to the effort to “wake up” the student population.
WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU HAVE FOR CARPIES TODAY?
Read, read, and read some more. Sir Francis Bacon made the assertion that “reading makes a full man, conference a ready man and writing an exact man.” He wasn’t wrong, either. (But he may have been a bit chauvinist).
The study of the humanities is important, because the humanities have the ability to “humanize.” Many sociologists argue otherwise, but my experience and intuition tell me that the great artistic achievements of the past can provide many insights to the human condition. Schiller called this “aesthetic education.”
David Eaton performs with actor/singer Robert Davi and the New York City Symphony at the United Nations’ 70th Anniversary concert on June 30, 2015.
The truth/beauty/goodness paradigm as espoused in the Divine Principle has great value in pursuit of a culture of peace. Get to know your cultural patrimony (the things that one generation has inherited from its ancestors). Reading will give you a greater depth of understanding about history, art, education, politics, media, economics, etc. Reading will give you perspective.
Since the “RP” in the CARP acronym means “Research of Principles,” it’s important to develop greater comprehension of the principles we espouse as well as those that we object to.
Reading also increases one’s focus and discipline; it fosters long-term thinking and longer attention spans. It’s also important to read daily from the “eight text books” that True Parents have bequeathed to us.
Every time I read Father’s words, I come away with some new insight about God, the providence and the importance of staying connected to our heavenly parent. This is an important part of understanding our cultural patrimony. When we witness, we need to have a firm understanding of our beliefs as well as the ability to defend them.
Check out some further reading by David Eaton on Applied Unificationsim, a blog of Unification Theological Seminary (UTS).
In honor of this week’s anniversary for the fall of communism, today’s Throwback Thursday is a testimony from a CARP University of Washington alumnus, Dr. David Burgess.
“In 1980 I was working in CARP on the Ohio State University campus. I had joined CARP the summer before after working in the Unification Movement since 1977. Once, I was talking with a graduate student on High Street next to campus about the dangers of communism.
It was a dangerous time. In 1979, the Soviet Union had invaded Afghanistan and much of the underdeveloped world seemed like it was in danger of being taken over by the communists. After a few minutes, the student looked at me and said, ‘You don’t know anything about Marxism.’
Although we had studied some Victory over Communism ideology, I had to admit, at least to myself, that he was right. Right there I decided to do something about that. Shortly thereafter, our director, Henri Schauffler, asked if I wanted to become a CARP student at Michigan State. I jumped at the chance.
University of Washington CARP
After I started studying Russian, I found that the University of Washington had one of the best programs in the nation so I moved to Seattle and we started a CARP program there. At first I was the only student, but more came and we had some cool programs on campus.
We hosted Lee Shapiro who showed his film about the Miskito Indians and the terrible treatment they received at the hands of the Sandinista government. Russell Means, the famous Oglala Lakota activist and former National Director of the American Indian Movement (AIM), also came and spoke to about 500 people about his experiences in AIM and also how many people turned on him when he stood with the Miskitos against the Sandinistas.
We also hosted Eldridge Cleaver, former leader in the Black Panther Party. Eldridge fled the country after leading an ambush that wounded two Oakland police officers. He lived in exile in Cuba and also traveled to North Korea to meet Kim Il Sung. He told me that Kim Il Sung’s wife named his second child. After seeing the reality of communism, he converted to Christianity and returned home to the U.S. and worked with CARP in the Bay Area and traveled to speak about what he saw.
After finishing my Bachelor’s degree at U. W. in Comparative Literature and Political Science, I began a Master’s’ degree program in the International Studies program in Russian Studies. We were teaching CAUSA at that time and I participated in several programs, including teaching some of the lectures to a group of legislators in Sun Valley, Idaho. Then we got the exciting news of the World Media Conference in Moscow. I had met with two delegations of Soviet journalists who Larry Moffit and his team had brought to the U. S., one in Seattle, the other in the Bay Area.
March to Moscow
By this time my Russian was pretty good, so I was invited to join the conference team for the conference in Moscow in the spring of 1990. I was the liaison to the Izvestia staff, the Soviet news agency that was the co-sponsor of the conference. So many amazing things happened.
Father Moon gave the keynote speech. I wondered what advice he would give to the assembled journalists and world leaders. He spoke primarily about Adam and Eve and how God had worked since that time to restore what was lost. I reflected later that it was the message he had come to the world to give and he would waste no opportunity to give it.
Father Moon giving the keynote speech at the 11th World Media Conference in April, 1990.
We were all on edge during the program about the proposed meeting with Secretary General Mikhail Gorbachev. It was uncertain even up to the last minute, but then suddenly things lined up and the meeting took place. It was a significant moment in God’s history as the mission to Moscow was finally fulfilled. A year later the failed coup against Gorbachev took place, communism collapsed, and we all celebrated – but my graduate studies in Marxism were a casualty of the collapse. It’s a price I was glad to pay.
Afterwards, I changed my focus to Russian literature and culture and got a Ph.D. in Comparative Literature. As I was preparing to search for a teaching position, God intervened in a powerful way. I was praying when I felt overcome by the power of the spirit and God asked me to leave my work behind and take an as yet undefined mission.
I was appointed the Northwest Regional Director of AFC, a position I held for eight years. After our AFC mission ended, our team members continued to meet and talk about how we could continue the mission. A small group of us began an organization called Origins Partnership. Our goal was to engage younger Unificationists in a way that we could pass on our experiences with True Parents. In 2015, we conducted two mentoring programs that we called Project Fusion – one in Barrytown, another in Pasadena.
Then, in January of this year, we met in the home of Judge Mark and Lucia Anderson in Mesa, AZ and gave birth to Project Phoenix. Seven elder Unificationists met with seven younger Unificationist leaders to plan a program. We recognized that our perspectives about what the program should be were quite different, and as we shared with each other and really listened, we soon understood that the program we needed to create was one that would allow us to replicate for a larger group what we experienced in the Anderson’s living room.
Two months later, we conducted a program for 120 at the International Peace Education Center in Las Vegas. Participants included Akira Watanabe and the students from CARP Las Vegas. In July we conducted another program for around 60 people at East Garden.
Project Phoenix in Las Vegas.
Our belief, and our experience, is that the most amazing people in the world are right here in our midst and that if we simply listen, allow those amazing people to share what they have to share and unleash their creative genius, there is nothing we cannot do or accomplish. We are planning more Project Phoenix programs for 2017.
In a way, for me Project Phoenix represents coming full circle in my life. As a young member who joined CARP in 1979 and worked with Tiger Park and who helped to start CARP chapters in places like University of Michigan, Michigan State, and later at the University of Washington, I experienced first-hand the impact a person can have.
Tiger Park and Mrs. Park with members in Colorado in 1981.
Tiger believed in us. He would drive all day from city to city to visit our centers to inspire us, share his heart with us, and ultimately to help us realize our potential. He would roll out his sleeping bag in the brothers’ room, and chafed at the idea that he should be treated as someone special.
But he was special, and we came to realize it in the way that he treated us. He shared his experiences of pioneering in the Korean countryside, starting a school in the village where he worked to educate the children, and how God had inspired him through his own mind. But most of all, he shared how Father Moon was really his father.
We all owe him a great deal and we would have run through walls for him. We still miss him. Our lives were “light, bright and exciting.” That was the culture that he inspired and even though our lives were frequently quite challenging, we could do it because of the culture that he infused into CARP. That is the culture that inspired CARP when I was young and one that inspire people today as well.
Dr. Burgess with his wife and two kids in Seattle, Washington where they live.